1353. Rollulus roulroul.
The Green Wood-Quail.
Phasianus roulroul, Scop. Del. Flor. et Faun. Insub. ii, p. 93 (1786). Phasianus cristatus, Sparrm. Mus. Carls, fasc. iii, no. 64 (1788). Perdix coronata, Lath. Suppl. Ind. Orn. p. lxii (1801). Rollulus cristatus, Blyth, Cat. p. 253 ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 151. Rollulus roulroul, Walden, Ibis, 1872, p. 382 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 448; Hume, Cat. no. 831 ter; Hume & Marsh. Game B. ii, p. 103, pl.; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 330; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. M. xxii, p. 225.
Coloration. Male. Crest coppery to purplish red ; a broad white band in front across the vertex; remainder of head and neck, with the frontal tuft, black ; upper parts, except wings, deep green, changing to steel-blue ; smaller wing-coverts rufous brown, the greater coverts and quills dark brown, mottled with rufous on the outer webs ; tail black ; lower parts black with a dark bluish or green gloss.
In the female the crest is rudimentary and slaty grey like the whole of the head and neck; the body above and below grass-green, paler and tinged with grey on the abdomen ; scapulars and smaller wing-coverts chestnut; median and greater coverts paler rufous with blackish cross-bars; quills and tail as in the male.
Bill black, the basal portion scarlet* in the male ; irides slaty grey in males, deep brown in females ; facial skin, eyelids, legs and feet bright red, scarlet in males (Davison).
Length of a male about 11; tail 2.5; wing 5.5; tarsus 1.7 ; bill from gape .9. Females are a little smaller.
Distribution. The Malay Peninsula, extending north into the southern parts of Tenasserim near the Pakchan river, also into Siam, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. A forest bird found in small parties of six or eight or more, males and females, and living on berries, seeds, tender shoots, leaves, and insects. The note is a soft, low, mellow whistle. The eggs do not appear to have been described.