Anas (Rhodonessa) caryophyllacea, Latham.
960. :- Jerdon's Birds of India Vol. II, p. 800; Butler, Deccan; Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 437; Game Birds of India, Vol. III, p. 173; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 137.
THE PINK-HEADED DUCK.
Length, 24; wing, 10.75; tail, 4.75; expanse, 34.5 ; bill at front, 2.37 ; weight, 2 lbs.
Bill reddish-white, rosy at base, and faintly bluish at tip ; irides deep orange-red; legs and feet dark slate or blackish.
Male, with the head, cheeks, sides of neck, and hind-neck, beautiful pale rosy-pink, with, in the breeding season, a small tuft of still brighter rosy on the top of the head; the rest of the plumage fine glossy dark chocolate-brown, paler and less glossed beneath ; speculum and the inner webs of many of the quills pale reddish-fawn or dull salmon color; edge of the wing white ; uppermost tertiaries rich glossy green; lower wing-coverts and quills beneath pale dull pink color, with a satiny lustre.
The female has the pink of the head somewhat more dull and pale, and the vertex has a brownish spot in some, which is continued faintly down the back of the neck.
Young birds have the head and neck pale vinous-isabella color, with the top of the head, nape, and hind-neck, brown; the whole plumage lighter brown; in some mixed with whitish beneath.
Colonel Swinhoe found the Pink-headed Duck very plentiful at the Depalpore Lake near Mhow. It does, not appear to have been recorded from elsewhere within our limits.