704. Leucoeirca javanica javanica

(704) Leucocirca javanica javanica (Sparrm.).
THE JAVAN FANTAIL FLYCATCHER.
Rhipidura javanica javanica, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 281.
Leucocerca javanica javanica, ibid. vol. viii, p. 634.
The Javan Fantail Flycatcher is found within our limits in Tenasserim in Southern Burma and must breed there, although I have no records of it doing so. It extends East into Siam and Cochin China and South through the Malay States to Sumatra and Java. From Siam, where Herbert and Williamson took fine series of this Flycatcher’s eggs, which they kindly handed over to me, I have the following interesting note from the former :—“This is the only resident Flycatcher which is found in or around Bangkok, where it is very common and where this nest may be found in any compound. The bird prefers a shady spot and is usually found in the trees and bushes round the servants’ quarters.
“The nesting season is from February to August and there is no doubt that the bird raises at least two broods ; plenty of nests can be found in March and as many in June and July. The nest is a beautiful little structure, like a neatly woven basket, and in the form of an inverted cone ; it is built of fibre and fine grasses and the outside is entirely coated with cobwebs. It is usually placed on a slender horizontal branch at a point where a twig branches off. The nesting material is securely bound round the branch, leaving a little beard hanging below which completes the point of the cone. A thin bamboo twig or the tip of a frail mango branch are favourite nesting places, and the site selected is usually one within 10 feet of the ground. The sides of the nest are less than 1/4 inch thick and the outside diameter is seldom more than 2 inches.”
The breeding season would appear to be even more extended than March to August, as given by Herbert, though it is probable that most eggs are laid in April, May and June and very few in February or September. A very fine series collected and given to me by Herbert and Williamson were taken between the 23rd February and 23rd July, but both these gentlemen also took other eggs in August.
The few nests with eggs which I have seen from Java and the islands were taken in April and May. The eggs are typical of the genus but, as a series, run rather dark, though I have one beautiful little clutch, taken by Herbert, which has quite a pretty delicate creamy yellow ground, and two others, taken by Williamson, with a white ground and very sparse grey specks in the usual zone.
The number of eggs laid is almost invariably two, three being very exceptional.
Fifty eggs average 17.4 x 13.0 mm. : maxima 19.1 x 13.2 and 17.4 x 13.6 mm. ; minima 16.3 x 13.0 and 17.5 x 12.4 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
704. Leucoeirca javanica javanica
Spp Author: 
Sparrm.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
704
Year: 
1933
Page No: 
249
Common name: 
Javan Fantail Flycatcher
M_ID: 
19703
M_SN: 
Rhipidura javanica javanica
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
13850

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