(704) Rhipidura javanica javanica.
The Javan Fantail Flycatcher.
Muscicapa javanica Sparrm., Mus. Carls., iii, pi. To (1788) (Java). Rhipidura javanica. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 54.
Vernacular names. Nok-i-pert, Nok-pen. Nok-pi (Siam).
Description.— Adult male. A short* nearly concealed supercilium white ; crown, point of chin and a band across the breast, sides of neck and head sooty-black; whole upper plumage brown, the tail darker, all but the two central pair tipped with white; throat white; lower plumage from breast to under tail-coverts white suffused with buff; in quite fresh plumage the wing-coverts are very narrowly tipped with rufous.
Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill, legs and feet black.
Measurements. Total length about 180 mm.; wing 73 to 82 mm.: tail 90 to 100 mm.; tarsus about 19 to 20 mm.; culmen about 12 mm.
Female like the male, but rather more buff below.
Young barred above with rufous and breast mottled with rufous and brown.
Distribution. Cochin China, Siam, Burma south through the Malay States.
Nidification. Quite similar to that of the two preceding species. The nest, like that of those birds, is cone-shaped with a tail pendent below it and may be placed either on a small branch or from a small bamboo-twig in open country, gardens or compounds. The eggs, two in number and very rarely three, are like those of the other species of this genus. Fifty eggs average 7.4 x 13.0 mm. : maxima 19.1 X 13.2 and 17.1 x 12.6 mm.; minima 16.3 X 13.0 and 17.5 x 12.4 mm.
This bird breeds in Siam and Tenasserim from March to August, certainly having two broods as a rule and possibly sometimes three.
Habits. According to Messrs. Williamson and Herbert this Fantail Warbler is essentially a bird of the open country, especially affecting gardens and the vicinity of villages and cultivation. Shady trees seem to be equally a necessity and it is not found often in scrub and bush jungle. In flight, voice, food, etc., it differs in no way from its relations.