Leucocerca aureola, Vieill.
292. :- Leucocerca albofrontata, Frankl :- Jerdon's Birds of India, VOL- I, P- 452; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 466 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 396 ; Rhipidura albofrontata, Frankl.; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 129; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 66.
THE WHITE-BROWED FANTAIL.
Length, 75 ; expanse, 10 ; wing, 33 ; tail, 375 ; tarsus, 07 ; bill at front, 03.
Bill black; irides deep-brown ; legs black.
Above the head and neck deep-black ; a broad frontal band, extending over the eyes to the nape^pure. white ; back ashy-black; wings and tail dusky-black, the wing-coverts with some white spots ; the tips of all the tail-feathers, except the central ones, broadly white; beneath, the chin and throat black, more or less spotted and lined with white ; the breast and abdomen white.
The White-browed Fantail Fly-catcher is common throughout the region, excepting, perhaps, the hilly and more wooded tracts, where it is replaced by the next species. It is a permanent resident and breeds from February to August, but March and July are the months in which most nests are to be found. They have at least two broods in the year, and if undisturbed use the same nest for the second brood. The nest is generally placed on the upper surface of a horizontal bough, and is difficult to find, as it appears to be a mere excrescence on the branch, with which it assimilates in color. In shape it is a rather deep cup, about 1 3/4 inches in diameter, and rather more than an inch in depth; it is rarely more than one-quarter of an inch thick.
It is generally composed of fine grass or vegetable fibres, coated on the outside with cobwebs.
After their eggs are laid, these little birds become very fussy and courageous, darting out and attacking any bird that approaches the nest, no matter how large. , The eggs, three in number, are broad ovals in shape, and vary from white to dingy creamy-white or pale yellowish-brown in color, with a belt of greyish-brown and faint inky-purple specks and spots round the larger end. They average 0.66 in length by about 0.5 in breadth.