702. Leucocirca aureola compressirostris

(702) Leucocirca aureola compressirostris Blyth.
THE CEYLON WHITE-BROWED FANTAIL FLYCATCHER.
Rhipidura aureola compressirostris, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 279. Leucocerca aureola compressirostris, ibid. vol. viii, p. 634.
The present race of White-browed Fantail Flycatcher is found only in Ceylon and in Travancore. In the latter province it probably only occurs in the extreme South, but its extension North has not yet been defined.
In Ceylon Wait (‘Birds of Ceylon,’ 2nd ed. p. 65, 1931) defines its habitat as follows :—“In this Island it has a peculiar distribution, confined to the east and south-east. The western limit of its main haunts runs from Tangalla to Haputale,-then across the Uva Hills to the park country on the east of the central range as far north as the glades round Polannaruwa. It is found all over the Hambantota district, but does not appear to occur near the sea in the Eastern Province. Scattered colonies exist outside these limits in a few localities in the Galle and Matara districts, also in Pusselawa and other places in the central range.”
As regards its nidification, Wait sums it up thus :—“The breeding season is from April to June. The nest is an exquisite little cup of fine grass, coated with cobwebs, and placed on the top of a bough or in a small fork. The two or three eggs are a creamy white, speckled generally in a fairly thick zone round the broad part of the egg with greyish-brown. Average size .67 x .51 inch.”
The only clutch of eggs I have seen of this race was taken for me by W. Jenkins near Kandy on the 14th January. The nest was described as being exactly like that of the Indian bird, “bound to a small horizontal twig with cobwebs, and with a tail of loose material hanging down below.”
The three eggs have an almost white ground, with a dense zone of grey-brown spots at the larger end. The clutch can be matched with many of those of the two preceding subspecies, but the under¬lying spots of lavender and rather deep neutral tint are more numerous than usual. The three eggs measure 16.0 x 12.0 to 16.8 x 12.5 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
702. Leucocirca aureola compressirostris
Spp Author: 
Blyth.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
702
Year: 
1933
Page No: 
246
Common name: 
Ceylon White Browed Fantail Flycatcher
M_ID: 
19699
M_SN: 
Rhipidura aureola compressirostris
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
13846

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