702. Rhipidura aureola compressirostris

(702) Rhipidura aureola compressirostris.

The Ceylon White-browed Fantail Flycatcher.

Leucocerca compressirostris Blyth, J. A. S. B., xviii, p. 815 (1849) (Ceylon). Rhipidura albifrontata. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 52 (part.).

Vernacular names. Manati (Malabar).

Description. Differs from R. a. aureola in being much darker and in having the two central pairs of tail-feathers not tipped with white. The black on the sides of the breast is better denned and is sometimes produced to form a broken band across the breast. The bill is often more compressed.

Colours of soft parts as in E. a. aureola.

Measurements. Wing 78 to 87 mm.

Distribution. Ceylon and South Travancore. Mr. W. E. Wait gives the following note on its distribution in Ceylon, which is worth quoting :—"It has a peculiar distribution. It occurs in the low country in the south of the Island, eastwards from Matara to Wingaru Bay; inland it is found as far as the Uva basin and in the Park country east of the main range as far north as Palonawara and has a range from the sea-level to 5,000 feet. In the south¬west of the Island and in the North Central Province it seems to be absent."

Nidification. There is but little on record, but the nidification does not seem to differ in any way from that of the other races. The only three eggs in my own collection measure about 16.3 x 12.3 mm., and may be unusually small.

Habits. Those of the genus. Legge refers to the male during the breeding-season displaying both on the ground and on branches of trees, making little runs as it puffs itself out and flirts its widely spread tail. It haunts open country, cultivation, gardens, and village surroundings but is also sometimes to be seen in more open parts.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.2 1924.
Title in Book: 
702. Rhipidura aureola compressirostris
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Ceylon White Browed Fantail Flycatcher
Rhipidura aureola compressirostris
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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