(705) Rhipidura pectoralis.
The White-spotted Fantail Flycatcher.
Leucocerca pectoralis Jerd., 111. Ind. Orn., text to pi. ii (1847) (Nilgiris). Rhipidura pectoralis. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 55.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Similar to R. j. javanica, but with the lateral tail-feathers shading from dark brown at the base to pale whity-brown at the tip. The black of the breast-collar is produced lower down on the flanks and lower breast and is heavily spotted with white.
Colours of soft parts. Iris hazel; bill, legs and feet black.
Measurements. Total length about 170 to 175 mm.; wing 69 to 79 mm.; tail 84 to 93 mm.; tarsus about 20 mm.; culmen 10 mm.
Young have the upper parts brown, the feathers edged with rufous; the wing-coverts broadly edged with rufous ; the lower parts more rufous than the adult and squamated on the breast with dark brown.
Distribution. From the extreme south of India, North through Travancore, Mysore, Bombay, the Aravalli Hills in Rajputana, East to Raipur, Chikalda, Goona and Chanda. It is very common in the Nilgiris and other hills of the South-West, but does not extend into the true plains to the East.
Nidification. This Flycatcher breeds from March to July, having two or more broods, at all heights from the foot-hills and broken country adjacent up to at least 6,000 feet. They frequent gardens, orchards and open country round about villages, building their nests either in big trees low down, in bushes and small fruit-trees or even in shrubs in verandahs of houses. Three is the normal number of eggs laid, occasionally four and sometimes two only. Neither nest nor eggs are in any way distinguishable from those of cither birds of this genus. Forty eggs average 16. x 12. mm.: maxima 17. X 12. and 16.7X 13.0 mm.; minima 15.0 X 11.6 mm. and 16.2 x 11.6 mm.
Habits. The White-spotted Fantail Flycatcher is only found in quite open country and more especially in gardens and cultivated areas. In its habits there is nothing differing in any way from those of other species of the genus Rhipidura.