270. Aegithalus pendulinus

270. Penduline Titmouse.
AEGITHALUS PENDULINUS.
AEgithalus pendulinus (Linn.) Syst. Nat. i. p. 342 (1766) ; (Naum.) iv. p. 113, Taf. 97 ; (Gould), B. of E. ii. p. 159 ; Dresser, iii. p. 159, pl. 116 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 67 ; AEg. consobrinus, Swinhoe, P.Z.S. 1870, p. 133 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib, O. p. 446 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 88.
Remiz penduline, French ; Pendolino, Ital. ; Beutelmeise, German ; Remez, Russ.
Male ad. (Piedmont). Forehead, and sides of head including the ear- coverts deep black, margin of frontal stripe tinged with rufous ; crown and hind neck white with a faint blue-grey tinge ; forepart of back chestnut ; the rest and rump warm ochraceous ; quills and tail blackish margined with white ; the upper wing-coverts chestnut and black tipped with ochreous ; chin and throat white, rest of under parts ochreous white ; the breast marked with chestnut-red ; bill horn ; legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.4, wing 2.15, tail 1.95, tarsus 0.5 inch The female is rather duller in tinge, the head and neck greyer and the black on the head covers a smaller area. The young bird has no black on the head or chestnut on the back.
Hab. Southern Europe, Asia Minor, Central Asia, Siberia, China, and Japan.
In habits it is active and lively, and frequents both swampy and dry localities. Its call-note resembles that of the Wood-Wren, but is softer, and it does not become silent when approached by any one. It breeds late in May, and builds a very artistic nest, purse-shaped or globular, with a funnel¬shaped entrance at the upper end, constructed of Has hemp, bark-shreds, tree-cotton, or other vegetable substances closely felted together and occasionally of wool, or goats’, camels’, or horsehair. It is attached to the outer twigs of a tree or bush at from 6 to 50 feet above the ground, either near or above water or in a dry locality. The eggs, from 6 to 10 in number, are pure white, elongated oval, and measure about 0.68 by 0.40. Examples from Asia are, as a rule, smaller, and have a smaller and shorter bill, and have been separated under the names of AEg. consobrinus, Swinhoe, and AEg. Stoliczkoe, Hume ; but, it seems to me, without sufficient reason. I have specimens of this smaller form from the S. Ural.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
270. Aegithalus pendulinus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
270
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
183
Common name: 
Penduline Titmouse
M_ID: 
21342
M_CN: 
Eurasian Penduline Tit
M_SN: 
Remiz pendulinus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10625

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