134. Regulus ignicapillus

134. FIRE-CRESTED WREN.
BEGULUS IGNICAPILLUS.
Regulus ignicapillus, (Brehm.) in Temm. Man d’Orn. i. p. 232 (1820) ; Hewitson, i. p. 148, pl, xxxviii. fig. 3 ; Naumann, iii. p. 983, Taf, 93, figs. 4, 5, 6 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 148, fig. 2 ; id., B. of Gt. Brit, ii. pl. 70 ; Newton, i. p. 456 ; Dresser, ii. p. 459. pl. 72, fig. 1, 73, fig. 1 ; Gadow, Cat. B. Br. Mus. viii. p. 83 ; Saunders, p. 59 ; Lilford, iii. p. 76, pl. 38.
Roitelet a triple, bandeau, French ; Estrellinha, Portug. ; Estrellina, Span. ; Fiorrancino, Ital. ; Fuerkopfiges-Goldhahnchen, German ; Vuurgoudhaantje, Dutch ; Korolck-crasnovolosey, Russ.
Male ad. (Germany). Differs from R. cristatus in having the forehead greyish white, above which is a black line joining the sides of the crest where it forms a broad streak on each side of the crown ; from the forehead above the eye to the nape is a greyish white streak ; a blackish streak passes through the eye from the lores which are blackish, and a third dark streak from the base of the lower mandible downwards and backwards ; crown rich flame orange narrowly bordered with yellow ; sides of the neck below the nape rich golden green. Culmen 0.42, wing 2.12, tail 1.75, tarsus 0.7 inch. The female is rather duller and has the crown bright lemon-yellow ; the young bird resembles the female but is duller in colour, and the nestling lacks the yellow and the black stripes on the head and has the crown like the back but rather darker.
Hab. Southern and Central Europe, north to Denmark ; said to be a resident in Algeria and has been recorded from as far east as Asia Minor where it is common in the Taurus range ; is only a rare visitant to Great Britain and has not yet been met with in Ireland.
In general habits it differs but little from the Goldcrest but is if anything rather more silent. The nest resembles that of the Goldcrest and is generally placed in a fir tree at some altitude, but sometimes low down and even in a bush. The eggs which are deposited early in May may readily be distin¬guished from those of the Goldcrest in being reddish and not ochreous in tinge and sometimes the minute red dots are collected round the larger end. The number of eggs is usually 8 or 9, but as many as 11 have been found in one clutch.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
134. Regulus ignicapillus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
134
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
93
Common name: 
Fire Crested Wren
M_ID: 
25763
M_CN: 
Common Firecrest
M_SN: 
Regulus ignicapilla
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10248

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