Rallus indicus, Blyth.
914. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 726; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 135.
THE INDIAN WATER RAIL.
Length, 10.5 to 12; expanse, 15 to 16.75 ; wing, 4.5 to 5 ; tail, 2 to 2.8; tarsus, 1.55 to 1.75 ; bill at front, 1.5 to 1.75; bill from gape, 1.6 to 1.9.
Bill horny-brown ; basal half of upper mandible and basal two-thirds of lower mandible orange-red ; irides red to red-brown; legs brownish-pink to fleshy-brown.
Above olive-brown, with black central streaks ; a dark streak below the eye, continued back over the ear-coverts; lesser-coverts with a few white marks ; throat whitish ; cheeks, foreneck, breast, and upper abdomen, brownish-ashy; lower belly reddish-brown; flanks black with white bands ; lower tail-coverts mixed white, rufous, and black; quills and tail dusky-brown, the feathers of the last edged paler.
The Indian Water Rail is, I believe, a very rare and uncertain winter visitant to Central India. I have seen it twice at the Panghur Lake, and I think I saw it once at Gungrar. I cannot find any record of its occurrence within our limits.