(2007) Rallus aquaticus korejewi.
THE TURKESTAN WATER-RAIL.
Rallus aquaticus korejewi Sarudny, Orn. Monatsb., 1905, p. 209 (E.Turkestan). Rallus aquaticus. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 158 (part.).
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Similar to the preceding bird but paler and more grey both above and below. The brown eye-stripe is faint or absent behind the eye.
Colours of soft parts as in the other races.
Measurements. Wing, 128 to 136 mm., 116 to 126 mm.
Distribution. Apparently a resident breeding bird in Transcaspia, Turkestan, Persia and the whole of Kashmir to Ladak but not Tibet. In Winter it straggles down to N.W. India, South Sind and as far as Sehore in the Central Provinces.
Nidification. Nests of this Bail were taken by Ward and his collectors in Kashmir and Ladak in June and July, whilst Osmaston found eggs from 1st June to 15th August. It is a common breeding bird in Kashmir but the nests are well concealed and the birds invariably skulk away from them before they can be seen and Identified. The nests are made of rushes and dry weeds in thick cover, either in, or close to, swamps and lakes. The eggs, which number six to ten, are not distinguishable from those of the European bird. The ground-colour varies from pale buff to pale grey-green with small blotches of pale reddish scattered over the surface and rather more numerous at the larger end. Forty-eight eggs average 26.9 x 25.3 mm.: maxima 40.7 x 26.0 and 38.4 X 27.0 mm.; minima 33.2 X 24.0 and 33.5 x 230 mm.
Habits. Similar to those of the European Water-Rail. This form, however, seems to be less migratory than that bird, for, whilst it is resident throughout the year in the North-West Himalayas, it is but rarely met with in the Plains in Winter.