98. Rallina fasciata.
THE MALAYAN BANDED CRAKE.
Male 8 1/2" to 9 3/4"; 2 3/4 to 4 3/4 oz. Legs coral-red. Bill slaty. Orbital ring, gape, and skin of chin vermilion. Chin and throat whitish. Sides of neck and breast chestnut. Above chestnut. Back and wings rufous. Abdomen heavily banded black and white. From Burma, through Indo-Malayan region, to Celebes and the Moluccas. (B. 1396. H. & M. ii. 235.)
Also E. euryzonoides, 8 1/2", from the Philippines; and one subspecies, R. separia, from Liu-Kiu Islands.
R. minahasa. 10 1/2". From Celebes and Sulu Islands. Mid toe and claw 1 3/4".
R. tricolor. 11 1/2". From N. E. Australia, New Guinea, and Aru Islands.
Also the genus Ocydromus, with wing-coverts lengthened. Three species from New Zealand— O. australis, 19", the Weka Rail; O. eagli, 17 1/2"; and 0. brachypterus, 17 1/2"; and one species— O. insignis (extinct), from Chatham Islands. The Ocydrome, or Swift Runner, has a skeleton like the Dodo. The Maoris say that this bird interbreeds freely with common poultry.
Also the genus Aphanapteryx, flightless and long billed (now extinct).
A. broeckii, from Mauritius; A. hawkinsi, from Chatham Islands; and A. leguati, from Rodriguez.
Also the genus Himatornis, with tarsus longer than mid toe and claw. One species— H. haematopus, 15", from W. Africa.
Also the genus Dryolimnas, with nostrils longitudinal and very narrow. One species— D. cuvieri, 9 1/2", from Madagascar and Mauritius; and one subspecies— D. aldabranus, 10 1/2", from Aldabra Island.
Also the genus Canirallus, with nostrils large, oval, and pervious. Mid toe and claw 0.85". Two species— C. oculeus, 13", from W. Africa; and C. kioloides, 10 1/2", from Madagascar. (B.M. Cat., xxiii. 64-73.)
Secondaries as long as the primaries.