2016. Rallina canningi

(2016) Rallina canningi (Tytler).
Rallina canningi, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. vi, p. 18.
This fine large Rail is found only in the Andamans.
Hume in his ‘Nests and Eggs’ describes eggs sent to him as like ordinary Crakes’ eggs. Since then Osmaston, Wickham and Anderson have all taken nests and eggs and we know now that the latter are white, like all other Rallina eggs.
Osmaston, who sent me a fine series of these eggs, describes the nests in bis notes as being always on the ground in thick undergrowth of very high forest ; sometimes the nest is near a stream or a cutting full of water but, at other times, well away from water. The nest itself is more primitive than that of the other Rallinae whose eggs are known, consisting merely of a collection of a little grass and a few leaves, collected at the foot of some big tree or underneath the tangled undergrowth.
In one case only has the nest been found above the ground, Anderson recording one found in a thick bush about 3 feet up.
The bird is extraordinarily common in the Andamans and Osmaston caught eighty specimens in a year within a space of about a square mile by nooses set round forest where he knew they were to be found. The birds, however, are so shy and such profound skulkers that Hume believed them to be very rare.
The eggs sent me by Osmaston were taken between the 21th June and the 21st August, while the clutches varied from three to five in number.
The eggs are large replicas of those of nigrolineata and fasciata but are rather purer white and still more glossy.
Thirty-two eggs average 40.6 x 30.8 mm. : maxima 43.1 x 30.8 and 41.3 x 32.0 mm. ; minima 37.2 x 30.0 and 39.4 x 29.7 mm.
Although they only leave their nests at the last moment when disturbed, they slink quietly away without protest. When caught and caged Osmaston says they become reconciled to their surroundings immediately and then show no shyness.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
2016. Rallina canningi
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Andamanese Banded Crake
Andaman Crake
Rallina canningi
Vol. 4
Term name: 

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