(2016) Rallina canningi.
THE ANDAMANESE BANDED CRAKE.
Euryzona canningi (Tytler), Blyth, Ibis, 1863, p. 119 (Port Canning, Andamans). Rallina canningi Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 169.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Whole upper plumage, head, neck, breast and inner secondaries deep chestnut; wing-coverts the same but a few of the median and greater obsoletely barred with white and dark brown; primaries and outer secondaries dark brown edged with chestnut, barred on the inner webs with whitish and also, less distinctly, on the outer webs of the first two or three primaries; lower parts boldly barred with black and white.
Colours of soft parts. Iris red; bill pale green ; legs and feet olive-green.
Measurements. Total length 325 to 350 mm.; wing 151 to 163 mm.; tail 73 to 92 mm.; tarsus 56 to 62 mm.; culmen 29 to 33 mm. As usual in Rails, the males exceed the females in average Measurements, though there is much overlapping in size.
Distribution. The Andaman Islands.
Nidification. Osmaston obtained a fine series of the nests and eggs of this Rail in 1907, whilst Wickham and Anderson obtained others later. All these nests appear to have been made of dead leaves, grass and rushes and to have been placed on the ground in marshy land or on the borders of streams in dense forest. In one ease only does the record show that the nest was placed on a thick bush above the ground at a height of some three feet.
The nests contained three to five eggs of the same texture and colour as those of the other Rallinas but the chalky covering with its shiny yellowish-white surface is perhaps rather more pronounced. Thirty-two eggs average 40.6 x 30.8 mm.: maxima 43.1 x 30.8 and 41.3 x 32.0 mm.; minima 37.2 x 30.0 and 39.4 x 29.7 mm.
Habits. This is a bird of dense forests and thick secondary growth, especially where the ground is swampy or close to a stream. Its flight is said to be slow and heavy and its food to consist of insects, freshwater fish and shrimps.