1397. Rallina canningi.
The Andamanese Banded Crake.
Euryzona canningi, Tytler, Blyth, Ibis, 1863, p. 119 ; Ball, J, A. S. B. xli, pt. 2, p. 288; id. S. F. i, p. 86 ; Hume, S. F. ii, pp. 302, 500. Rallina canningi, Hume, Cat. no. 912 ter; Hume & Marsh. Game B. ii, p. 241, pl. ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed, iii, p. 393.; Castanolimnas canningi, Sharpe, Bull. B. O. Club, vol. i, p. xxviii; id. Ibis, 1893, p. 260 ; id. Cat. B. M. xxiii, p. 80.
Coloration. Head and neck all round, upper breast, and whole upper plumage deep ruddy chestnut; quills blackish brown externally, margined with chestnut, all except the tertiaries with rufous-white bars on the inner webs; primaries more or less distinctly barred with rufous on the outer webs also; lower parts from middle of breast, including the wing-lining, black with white cross-bars.
Bill a delicate pale chrysoprase green ; irides red ; legs and feet olive-green ( Wimberley).
Length 13-5 ; tail 3-3 ; wing 6-25 ; tarsus 2.1 ; bill from gape 1.4.
Distribution. The Andaman Islands.
Habits, &c. A forest bird, haunting swampy ground and the neighbourhood of hill-streams, and feeding on insects and freshwater Crustacea. A nest of grass loosely rolled together, with 6 eggs, was taken on July 17th and brought to Mr. de Roepstorff. The eggs are pinkish, streaked and blotched, chiefly at the larger end, with chestnut and purple, and measure on an average 1.4 by 1.09.