748. Pyrrhula nepalensis.
The Brown Bullfinch.
Pyrrhula nipalensis, Hodgs. As. Res. xix, p. 155 (1836); Blyth, Cat. p. 122; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 455; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 390; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xii, pt. ii, p. 65; Hume, Cat. no. 731; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 335; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 453.
Coloration. Male. Forehead and feathers round the bill dark brown; crown and nape ashy brown, the feathers with dusky centres; hind neck, sides of the neck and head, throat, breast, and the whole lower plumage (except the under tail-coverts and middle of the abdomen which are white) plain ashy brown ; back and scapulars darker ashy brown; a white patch under and behind the eye; upper part of rump purplish black, lower white ; upper tail-coverts and tail black with a bronze gloss, and all the feathers tipped with velvety black; lesser and median wing-coverts dark ashy brown ; greater wing-coverts pale ashy brown, the outer ones broadly margined with purplish black ; quills black, margined on the outer web increasingly with purplish black, the tertiaries becoming entirely of this colour and the innermost margined exteriorly with crimson ; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.
Female. Resembles the male, and differs merely in the edging to the innermost tertiary being yellow instead of crimson.
The young appear to resemble the adult female.
Bill greenish horn-colour with a black tip; legs fleshy brown; iris brown (Hodgson).
Length about 6.5; tail 3; wing 3.4; tarsus .65 ; bill from gape .5.
Distribution. The Himalayas from Garhwal to Sikhim. Blanford observed this species in Sikhim at 10,000 feet.