1044. Pyrrhula erythroeephala

(1044) Pyrrhula erythrocephala Vigors.
THE RED-HEADED BULLFINCH.
Pyrrhula erythrocephala, Fauna B, I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. iii, p. 110,
During the breeding season this Bullfinch is found between 9,000 and 12,000 feet in the Himalayas from Chamba and South Kashmir to Bhutan and the hills of Assam North of the Brahma¬pootra.
They are birds which frequent dense forests of Deodars, Firs or mixed forest of Firs and Birch, and probably do not breed much below 9,000 feet, though Stoliczka says that they breed about Koteghar between 6,000 and 8,000 feet. Had this been so Jones, Dodsworth or some other of our Simla collectors must have come across the nest.
Whymper found it breeding at Phurkia, Kuman, at 9,000¬-10,000 feet, and again in the Pindar Valley, Garhwal, at 12,000 feet (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xix, p. 991,1910). He writes :— “One nest was taken at about 12,000 ft. : it was placed 10 ft, up in a small tree and was made of thin twigs and beard-moss (Usnea barbata) and lined with rather coarse roots.”
Nests with eggs were taken by Whymper every year from 1909 to 1912 and all are described as alike, the characteristic being the curious intermediate lining of white beard-moss between the true lining of roots and the outer walls of twigs.
The eggs of this bird were all taken by Whymper in August, in the latter half of the month.
Three or four eggs are laid, which are far more like Greenfinch’s eggs than that of our English Bullfinch. The ground is a dull grey-white, very faintly tinted with green or puce, while the markings consist of primary specks and small blotches of brown, or red-brown and secondary similar marks of dark grey and pale lavender. These are distributed in a ring round the larger end, sometimes dense and at other times straggling, and very sparsely scattered over the rest of the surface.
In shape they are rather long ovals, sometimes rather pointed. The texture is fine but the surface is glossless and the sheila very fragile.
Thirteen eggs average 20.8 x 14.7 mm. : maxima 22.4 x 15.0 and 21.1 x 15.2 mm. ; minima 19.7 x 14.1 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1044. Pyrrhula erythroeephala
Spp Author: 
Vigors.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1044
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
39
Common name: 
Eed Headed Bullfinch
M_ID: 
30601
M_CN: 
Red-headed Bullfinch
M_SN: 
Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Volume: 
Vol. 3
id: 
14141

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith