745. Pyrrhula aurantiaca.
The Orange Bullfinch.
Pyrrhula aurantiaca, Gould, P. Z. S. 1857, p. 222 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 390; Hume & Henders. Bah. to Yark. p. 258 ; Hume, N. & F. p. 470; id. Cat. no. 732; Biddulph, Ibis, 1881, p. 82 : Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 577 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 455; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 151.
Coloration. Male. A broad black band round the base of the bill; rump, under tail-coverts, axillaries, and under wing-coverts white ; upper tail-coverts, tail, and quills of wing black; lesser and median wing-coverts dusky edged with orange-rufous, the latter subterminally ashy; greater series black, broadly tipped with orange-rufous ; the other parts of the body deep orange.
Female. A broad black band round the base of the bill exactly as in the male; crown, nape, hind neck, and sides of the head ashy brown ; back and scapulars yellowish brown ; rump white ; upper tail-coverts and tail black ; lesser and median coverts like the back but with subterminal ashy bars ; greater coverts black, with broad tips of the colour of the back but paler; throat and breast pale rufous; abdomen dull yellowish; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.
Young males have the sides of the head and the whole lower plumage bright yellow and the upper plumage more or less yellow.
Bill black ; feet fleshy; iris dark brown (Jerdon).
Length about 5.5 ; tail 2.4; wing 3.2; tarsus .65; bill from gape .45.
Distribution. The Hazara country and Kashmir, extending into the adjoining native
Habits, &c. Appears to breed in July, but the nest and eggs have not been taken.