439. Montifringilla ruficollis

439. Red-necked Snow-Finch.
Montifringilla ruficollis, Blanford, J.A.S.B. xii. pt. ii. p. 66 (1871) ; Gould, B. of As. v. pl. 5 ; Prjev. Mongol i Strana Tangut, &c., tab. xi. fig. 2 ; (David and Oust.) Ois. Chine, p. 548 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 263 ; Oates, P. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 245.
Male ad. (Sikhim). Forehead whitish, becoming grey on the fore-crown, the rest of the crown and upper parts generally, warm sandy buff, the back striped with dark brown ; sides of the hind-crown and of the neck rufous ; quills blackish brown, all but the three outermost white at the base of the inner web, all margined and tipped with buffy white ; inner secondaries and larger wing-coverts much broader margined ; median and lesser wing- coverts chiefly white ; middle tail-feathers blackish brown, margined with warm buff, the rest white or greyish white, broadly tipped with blackish brown, margined with fulvous buff ; lores, a stripe through the eye, and a stripe on each side of the throat from the base of the bill black ; chin, throat, and under parts white ; the sides of the breast and flanks rufous ; the vent and under tail-coverts washed with rufous buff ; bill and legs blackish ; iris brown. Culmen 0.45, wing 3.6, tail 2.12, tarsus 0.83 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. Sikhim and Tibet, Koko-nor as far north as the Koko-nor basin and the Tetung river ; Kan-su.
It inhabits hilly steppes and valleys usually at altitudes of from 15,000 to 16,000 feet. Its flight is wavy and on the ground it runs swiftly, and when sitting on a rock or stone it often makes a peculiar shivering with its wings like a Chat. Its note is said to resemble that of a Tree-sparrow. It inhabits the empty holes of Lagomys ogotono, which are numerous on the steppes of the Koko-nor, and nests in them, but so far as I can ascertain the nest and eggs are unknown. In the winter they collect in flocks of several hundred individuals.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
439. Montifringilla ruficollis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Red Necked Snow Finch
Rufous-necked Snowfinch
Pyrgilauda ruficollis
Vol. 1

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