Genus PYCNONOTUS

The Bulbuls which I place in this genus are birds of small size, and may be termed crestless. With the exception of P. blanfordi, which is occasionally seen in compounds and gardens, none of them are familiar birds as is the case with Molpastes and Otocompsa. They are chiefly denizens of the jungle and forest.

In Pycnonotus the bill is of small size, and the nuchal hairs are obsolete or small. Many of the species are of dull colour, but a few are of brilliant plumage. They are solitary in their Habits and very arboreal, and it is a rare occurrence to see any of them on the ground.

Among the Bulbuls of this genus which may hereafter be found in British territory may be mentioned P. xanthorrhous, a species which Anderson obtained at Manwyne, Momein, and Shitee hill, to the east of Bhamo in the Kakhyen hills and on the borders of China. This bird is found throughout Southern China. I append a description of it *.

Key to the Species.

a. Throat white ……………….P. analis, p. 287.
b. Throat streaked with bright yellow.
a1. Anterior half of crown of a different colour to the hinder half and nape……………….P. finlaysoni, p. 287.
b1. The whole crown and nape of the same colour ……………….P. davisoni, p. 288.
c. Throat yellow.
c1. Crown black ……………….P. melanicterus, p, 288.
d1. Crown yellow……………….P. xantholaemus, p. 289.
d. Throat ruby-red……………….P. gularis, p. 289.
e. Throat slaty blue……………….P. cyaniventris, p. 290.
f. Throat brown or grey.
e1. Under tail-coverts yellow……………….P. luteolus, p. 290.
f1. Under tail-coverts brown or buff.
a2. Ear-coverts entirely silvery white……………….P. blanfordi, p. 291.
b2. Ear-coverts brown with silvery white shafts……………….P. plumosus, p. 292.
c2. Ear-coverts like the crown.
a3. Wing more than 3 inches……………….P. simplex, p. 292.
b3. Wing less than 3 inches……………….P. pusillus, p. 293.
PYCNONOTUS XANTHORRHOUS,

Anderson, Proc. A. S. Beng. 1869, p. 265; id. P. Z. S. 1871, p. 21-1; id. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 658, pl. li; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 139.

Coloration. Forehead, crown, loves, a ring round the eye, and a narrow cheek-stripe extending to the end of the ear-coverts black; a small spot of deep red at the base of the lower mandible near the gape ; ear-coverts glossy hair-brown ; chin and throat pure white ; upper plumage brown, the feathers with obsoletely paler edges; the wings and tail darker brown, the former margined with the colour of the hack, the latter narrowly tipped with white ; sides of the neck brown, meeting across the breast in a crescentic band ; abdomen and vent whitish; sides of body and the thighs brown; under tail-coverts deep golden yellow; underside of shafts of tail-feathers white.

Bill black; feet blackish ; iris brownish red (Pere David).

Length about 8.5; tail 3.8; wing 3.6 ; tarsus .9; bill from gape .8.

Since the above was in type Count Salvadori has recorded the occurrence of this species in Karennee (Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) vii. p. 398 (1889).

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
Genus PYCNONOTUS
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
286
M_ID: 
21903
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
415

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