417. Hemitarsus zeylonicus Gmelin

(417) Hemitarsus zeylonicus Gmelin.
THE YELLOW-CROWNED BULBUL.
Trachycomus ochrocephalus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 402.
Hemitarsus zeylonicus, ibid. vol. viii, p. 615.
This Bulbul is found throughout peninsular Burma and Siam to Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
The only note on this Bulbul’s breeding is that in Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs’ by Mr. J. Darling, junior, who writes :—“I found the nest of this bird in July at Kossoom. The nest was of the usual type but much larger, and like a very shallow saucer. The foun¬dation was a single piece of some creeping orchid, 3 feet long, coiled round ; then a lot of coils of fern, grass and moss-roots. The nest was 4 inches in diameter on the inside, the walls 1/4 inch thick, and the cavity 1 inch deep. It was built 10 feet from the ground, in a bush in a very exposed position, and exactly where any ordinary Bulbul would have built.
“The eggs of this species are of the ordinary Bulbul type, rather broad at the large end, compressed and slightly pyriform, or more or less pointed towards the small end. The shell fine and smooth, but with only a moderate amount of gloss. Their ground-colour varies from very pale pinky white to a rich warm salmon-pink. The markings are two colours : first a red, varying from a dull brownish to almost crimson ; the second, a paler colour, varying from pale neutral tint through purplish grey to a full though pale purple. As for the markings, they are generally the most dense, in a more or less confluent mottled cap, round one end, generally the largest, and are usually more or less thinly set elsewhere. In some eggs all the markings are rather coarse and sparse, in others fine and more thickly set.
“Two eggs measured 1.06 (=26.9 mm.) x 0.75 (=19.0 mm.) and 1.03 (=26.1 mm.) x 0.73 (=17.5 mm.).”
Hume evidently had a great many more than two eggs to generalize on, as he (or Darling) does, but there is nothing to show how many or where they came from, or by whom they were obtained.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
417. Hemitarsus zeylonicus Gmelin
Spp Author: 
Gmelin.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
417
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
384
Common name: 
Yellow Crowned Bulbul
M_ID: 
21904
M_CN: 
Straw-headed Bulbul
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus zeylanicus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13602

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