430. Pycnonotus xantholaemus Jerdon

(430) Pycnonotus xantholAemus Jerdon.
THE YELLOW-THROATED BULBUL.
Pycnonotus xantholoemus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 415.
This Bulbul is found in Travancore, Mysore and the Eastern Ghats.
Nothing was known of the breeding and very little about the habits of the Yellow-throated Bulbul until a most interesting article from P. Roscoe Allen appeared in the Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. for 1909 (vol. xviii, p. 905), most of which I here quote :—
“There is a little-known peak of the Eastern Ghats situated at the extreme south of Cuddapah district of the Madras Presidency, and I am happy to be able to afford a little information about the Yellow-throated Bulbul which occurs there.
“The Peak is called Horsely Konda (Horsely’s Hill) ; the height runs up to 4,000 feet above sea-level. It is now all included in reserved forest, and as the water supply, though scanty at times, is sufficient and fairly distributed, the hill is a great resort in the hot season for the birds of the surrounding country.
“I visited the hill-top late in April last, but it was only at the expense of some little trouble that I succeeded on the 29th of April in obtaining a specimen of the Yellow-throated Bulbul. The bird is exceedingly shy and restless. I secured my first specimen from the verandah of the little Mission bungalow in which I was residing. Later, on the 20th May, I secured another specimen and, at the end of May, they were not uncommon on the hill.
“The birds go about in pairs, and, once up the hill, seem to take up their quarters in some chosen spot where they are usually to be found, large boulders shaded by trees being especially favoured.
“On the 15th May, I found a nest of this bird. It was placed on the ground among dead leaves and between two overarching granite boulders. We were in thin jungle on a sloping hill-side. We retired some distance and watched the birds return and I subse¬quently observed the bird on the nest. It was a very ordinary Bulbul’s nest containing three eggs, much like the eggs of other species of the Bulbul family. They measured .85" x .67".
“On the 20th May I found another nest containing two eggs. This was placed in a dwarf date palm (Phoenix humilis), a common feature of the vegetation of our hills of this altitude in Southern India—on a fairly open hill-side.”
Col. C. L. Wilson also writes : “Shot and identified one of these Bulbuls at Bellary, Madras, on 18th June, 1901. I noticed quite 20 pairs frequenting the rocky hills. Took a nest of this Bulbul on 23rd June, 1901, two eggs much incubated, only one preserved. Shallow nest of very coarse twigs—bound together with cobwebs and lined with fine fibres—the whole a heavy clumsy structure quite unlike an ordinary Bulbul’s nest. The two eggs it contained were white with a very slight gloss—blotched and marked with purple and brick-red, the markings forming a very decided ring round the larger end.
“From my observations June and July would seem to be the breeding months.”

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
430. Pycnonotus xantholaemus Jerdon
Spp Author: 
Jerdon.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
430
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
395
Common name: 
Yellow Throated Bulbul
M_ID: 
22015
M_CN: 
Yellow-throated Bulbul
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus xantholaemus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13613

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