330. Pycnonotus xanthopygus

330. Palestine Bulbul.
PYCNONOTUS XANTHOPYGUS.
Pycnonotus xanthopygus, (Hempr, and Ehr.) Symb. Phys. fol. bb. (1829) ; Shelley, B. of Egypt, p. 68 ; Dresser, iii. p. 357, pl. 143, fig. 1 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. vi. p. 135.
Male ad. (Palestine). Head and upper neck glossy black ; upper parts dull ashy brown ; wings and tail umber-brown ; under parts dull white washed with pale ashy brown on the breast and flanks ; vent and under tail-coverts brilliant yellow ; bill and legs black ; iris dark brown ; edge of the eye-lids grey. Culmen 0.7, wing 3.7, tail 3.8. tarsus 0.9 inch. Sexes similar and the young bird does not differ except in having the plumage duller.
Hab. North-east Africa, Arabia, Syria Palestine, Cyprus, Rhodes, and the Cyclades.
In its skulking habits it resembles P. barbatus, but is not gregarious, being usually seen in pairs.
It frequents wooded lowlands and gardens, and is not found in the mountains. Its song is exceedingly rich, indeed but little less so than that of the Nightingale, but it lacks the two last notes of that bird’s song. Its nest is small and neat, not unlike that of Fringilla coelebs, and is placed in a small fork or side branch of a tree. The eggs, 3 to 4 in number, are deposited late in April or early in May, and are white, covered with purplish grey shell-markings, and clear chocolate crimson surface-spots, averaging in size about 0.91 by 0.69.
Pycnonotus capensis, a South African species, has been once recorded from Ireland, but there is no doubt that it has no claim to be included, even as a straggler, among European birds.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
330. Pycnonotus xanthopygus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
330
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
223
Common name: 
Palestine Bulbul
M_ID: 
22015
M_CN: 
Yellow-throated Bulbul
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus xantholaemus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10604

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