(430) Pycnonotus xantholaemus.
THE YELLOW-THROATED BULBUL.
Brachypus xantholaemus Gould, P. Z. S., 1835, p. 186 (Belgaum). Pycnonotus xantholaemus. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 289.
Vernacular names. Kondapoda-pigli (Tel.).
Description. Forehead, crown and sides of the head yellowish green, the feathers near the nostrils dusky; chin and throat bright yellow; upper plumage grey, the upper tail-coverts tinged with green; wings and tail brown, the outer webs washed with yellowish green and the tail-feathers tipped with yellowish white; breast and sides of neck and body grey, turning to whitish on the abdomen; under tail-coverts and edge of wing bright yellow; thighs dull yellow; under wing-coverts pale yellow.
Colours of soft parts. Iris bright red; bill and legs black.
Measurements. Length about 185 to 190 mm.; wing about 81 to 88 mm.; tail about 88 mm.; tarsus about .20 mm.; culmen about 14 to 15 mm.
Distribution. Travancore, Mysore and Eastern Ghats.
Nidification. Mr. P. Roscoe Allen (Journal B. N. H. S., xviii, p. 905) obtained several nests of this rare Bulbul on a peak called Horsely Konda, south of the Cuddapah District in Madras, where he found it not uncommon. The nests are described as typical Bulbuls* nests and the eggs as of the ordinary type of Bulbuls' eggs, "white marked with purple and brick-red" and measuring 21.1 x 17.0 mm. Of the nests one was placed actually on the ground between two boulders and a second on a dwarf date-palm. Another nest, taken by Mr. C. L. Wilson at Bellary, is described as unusually bulky and heavy for a Bulbul's nest. The breeding season appears to be May, June and July.
Habits. The Yellow-throated Bulbul is found from the foot-bills up to nearly, 5,000 feet but very little is known of its habits. It apparently visits the higher ranges at about 4,000 feet for breeding purposes and is said to be a shy, active bird, very rest¬less and, when disturbed, flying a considerable distance before Again settling.