(441) Microtarsus pyocephalus.
The Grey-headed Bulbul.
Brachypus poiocephalus Jerdon, Madr. J.L. S., x, p. 246 (1830) (Travancore). Micropus phaeocephalus. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 296.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description. Forehead olive-yellow; chin blackish; cheeks greyish yellow; remainder of head clear bluish grey; upper side of neck, back and scapulars olive-green ; rump-feathers black with broad yellow tips; upper tail-coverts and four middle tail-feathers bluish grey with dark shafts, the others black, broadly edged on both webs and tipped with bluish grey, the basal two-thirds of all suffused with olive-green; wings black, all the feathers edged with olive-green, the outer webs of the innermost secondaries being wholly of this colour; breast, abdomen and flanks oil-yellow; under tail-coverts bluish grey.
Colours of soft parts. Iris almost white to blue; bill pale slate, "pale green" (Davison); legs and feet fleshy tinged with orange (Davison).
Measurements. Rather smaller than M. melanocephalus; wing about 73 to 78 mm.
Distribution. Malabar coast; from Belgaum to South Travancore ; Coonoor and Wynaad Hills.
Nidification. The Grey-headed Bulbul makes a small, compact cup-shaped nest, which it places in low bushes in fairly dense jungle. The eggs are like those of M. m. melanocephalus and ten eggs taken by Stewart and Bourdillon in Travancore and by Bell in Kanara average 21.9 x 15.6 mm. and vary in length between 21.0x15.9 and 22.3x16 mm. and in breadth between 21.2x 15.0 and 22.3x 16 mm.
The birds of this species often lay one egg only, single eggs quite hard-set having been taken by Mr. J. Stewart in Travancore.
Habits. Those of the genus. It is found from the level of the plains up to some 2,000 feet.