285. Molpastes leucotis.
The White-eared Bulbul.
Ixos leucotis, Gould, P. Z. S. 1830, p. 6. Pycnonotus leucotis (Gld.), Blyth, Cat. p. 209; Horsf. &; M. Cat. i, p. 242; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 136. Otocompsa leucotis (Gld.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 91; Hume, S. F. i, p. 181; id. N. & E. p. 286; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 237; Adam, S. F. i, p. 378; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 473; Hume, Cat. no. 459 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 187. Molpastes leucotis (Gould), Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nded. i, p. 177.
The White-eared Crested Bulbul, Jerd.; Kangdhara, Beng.; Kushandra or Kushanbra of the Punjab; Bhooroo, Sind.
Coloration. Ear-coverts and hinder part of cheeks white; with this exception, the whole head and lower throat black, the black on the latter expanding laterally, and joining the crown by a narrow band at the end of the ear-coverts; hind neck rich brown, narrowly banded with blackish; whole upper plumage and wings earthy brown, the back with paler margins, the wings margined with pale ashy; tail brown at base, becoming black beyond the tail-coverts and tipped with white; lower plumage whity brown; under tail-coverts rich saffron-yellow.
Legs, feet, and bill black ; iris brown (Hume).
Length 7.5 ; tail 3.4 ; wing 3.5 ; tarsus .75 ; bill from gape .75.
Distribution. Sind ; Cutch; Guzerat; Rajputana; the Punjab; the N. W-. Provinces down to Etawah ; Central India as far east as Jhansi, Saugor, and Hoshangabad. This bird extends westward into Persia.
Habits, &c. Breeds from May to August, constructing a neat cup of vegetable fibres in bushes, and laying three or four eggs, which are similar to those of M. leucogenys, and measure .83 by .64.