289. Otocompsa fuscicaudata.
The Southern Red-whiskered Bulbul.
Otocompsa fuscicaudata, Gould, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 664; Blanford, J. A. S. B. xxxviii, pt. ii, p. 178; Hume, J. A. 8. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 117 ; id. N. & E. p. 288 ; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 473 ; Fairbank, S. F. iv, p. 258 ; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 458; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 405; Davids, & Wend. S. F. vii, p. 82 ; Hume, Cat. no. 460 bis; Vidal, S. F. ix, p. 64 ; Butler, S. F. ix, p. 402; Davison, S. F. x, p. 386; Taylor, 8. F. x, p. 460; Terry, S. F. x, p. 470; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 187; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 180. Otocompsa jocosa (L.), McMaster, J. A. S. B. xl, pt. ii, p. 212. Otocompsa emeria (L.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 150.
Phari-bulbul, Hind.; Turaka pigli-pitta, Tel.
Coloration. Resembles O. emeria. Differs in having no white tips to the tail-feathers, and in having the crescentic pectoral band either entire or only very slightly interrupted in the centre.
Of the same size as O. emeria.
On examining the large series of this bird in the British Museum, I find that specimens from Belgaum and the country north of it up to Abu have the pectoral band interrupted, and that those from localities south of Belgaum have it entire in almost all cases.
Distribution. The western coast and ghats of India, from Cape Comorin to Baroda and on to Mount Abu, extending east to Chikalda in Berar; the eastern coast up to the Carnatic; Ramesvaram Island. The distribution of this species in the interior of the peninsula is not known.
Habits, &c. Apparently in all respects similar to those of O. emeria. This species breeds from February to May and June, and most frequently lays but two eggs. The eggs measure .9 by .66.