431. Pycnonotus gularis Gould

(431) Pycnonotus gularis (Gould).
THE RUBY-THROATED BULBUL.
Pycnonotus gularis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 415.
This is another Bulbul peculiar to South-Western India, being found only from Kanara to South Travancore. Davidson says “it is common in Siddapur and on the wooded parts of Kumta, and occasionally through the dense forest of Karwar, Ankola and Yellapur.”
The only note I can find on its nidification is the following from Davidson (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xi, p. 659, 1898):— “I have taken five or six of its nests. They are small cups, outwardly composed of a mass of large red dead leaves slightly bound with one or two roots and spiders’ webs, and lined inside with a few roots and grass-stems of a coarse description. The first nest I found was on a sapling some 10 feet from the ground. It was a solitary tree about twenty yards from a thick piece of evergreen jungle. I saw a bird fly from the tree, but from below all that appeared was apparently some dead leaves, and it was a mere chance I sent a boy up to look. Another nest taken a few days later was similar, but was in a small bush in very thin forest, and only a foot and a half from the ground. A third was about five feet from the ground in evergreen forest ; others were in similar situations and all were similar, the solid mass of dead leaves forming the foundation being unlike anything I have seen in other nests. The eggs are two in number and very small for the size of the bird ; they are quite devoid of gloss, and of a pink colour, mottled thickly all over with the smallest possible dark reddish-brown and purple spots, these spots being hardly larger than fine points.”
T. R. Bell has also taken nests and eggs, the latter exactly like those taken by Davidson. They are also exactly like those which I have described as the most common type of egg of P. finlaysoni and the brown speckled type of P. melanicterus. Two eggs similar to this were taken by Stewart on the 6th of March in the Travancore Hills. Four eggs, two single ones and a pair, measure 21.0 x 16.0, 20.5 x 14.9, 20.9 x 15.0 and 21.2 x 15.0 mm.
I have another pair, taken by Stewart himself in the Palni Hills on the 23rd April, which are much bigger, measuring 23.0 x 16.1 and 22.1 x 15.6 mm. There may possibly be some mistake about these, as they do not bear the Pycnonotus impress on them.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
431. Pycnonotus gularis Gould
Spp Author: 
Gould.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
431
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
396
Common name: 
Ruby Throated Bulbul
M_ID: 
21930
M_CN: 
Flame-throated Bulbul
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus gularis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
13614

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