425. Pycnonotus goiavier personatus*

(425) Pycnonotus goiavier personatus Hume.
Pycnonotus goiavier analis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 410.
Pycnonotus goiavier personatus, ibid. vol. viii, p. 616.
As Kloss restricts the form of analis to Java and Borneo, the distribution of our bird is limited to peninsular Tenasserim and Siam, the Malay States and Sumatra.
It is a very common bird in Sumatra, taking the place of our Indian Otocompsa jocosa round villages and houses.
Mackenzie and Hopwood seem to be the only persons to have taken the nest and eggs of this Bulbul within our limits. Mackenzie found three nests—two, containing two young birds, on the 26th and 31st March, and one, with two fresh eggs, on the 9th April. “The first nest taken was in a clump of bushes growing in open swampy jungle and the second on a ‘Dhani’ leaf, covered with a creeper, on the edge of a garden of ‘Dhani’ palms at Victoria Point ; another nest, containing two half-fledged birds, found on the 7th April, was in a thick bush growing in the same open swampy jungle. It was built about 3' from the ground, whilst the one with the two fresh eggs was in open dry jungle in a bush about 6' from the ground.
“The nest is a fairly substantial shallow cup, made of grass-stems and leaves and lined with yellow grass.”
Hopwood says that it is a bird of “low-lying swampy country from Mergui southwards. The nest is of the ordinary Bulbul type and is built generally in a fairly thick bush near the ground ; two nests were placed in creepers which had enveloped Dhani palms (Nipa fruticans), whilst one was practically on the ground in a grass-tussock. The birds breed here in March and April, probably earlier.”
Mr. Kellow found the bird common near Perak and obtained many nests, all placed low down in bushes and nearly always in rather thick scrub round villages and in the secondary growth growing in cultivation temporarily not in use.
As shown above, Mackenzie and Hopwood found them breeding in March and April, whilst Kellow took them from February to May, J. P. Cook also took three nests, containing in one case three and in two cases two eggs each, between the 3rd and 20th April.
The eggs could not be distinguished from very ordinary specimens of Molpastes of the purple-red spotted type, with either a white or a pinkish-cream ground, nor have I seen any varieties which are worthy of special description.
Forty eggs average 21.3 x 16.3 mm. : maxima 24.0 x 17.5 mm. ; minima 19.4 x 16.5 and 23.6 x 15.0 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
425. Pycnonotus goiavier personatus*
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Malayan Yellow Vented Olive Bulbul
Pycnonotus goiavier analis
Vol. 1

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