290. Otocompsa flaviventris.
The Black-crested Yellow Bulbul.
Vinga flaviventris, Tick. J. A. S. B. ii, p. 573 (1833). Brachypus melanocephalus, Gray & Hardw. Ill. Ind. Zool. ii, pl. 35, fig. 1 (1834). Pycnonotus melanocephalus (Gray & Hardw,), Blyth, Cat. p. 210. Pycnonotus flaviventris (Tick.), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 247; Hume, N. & F. p. 285. Rubigula flaviventris (Tick.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 88; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 100; Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 130 ; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 125 ; Armstrong, S. F. iv, p. 324 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 317; Hume, Cat. no. 450; Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, 1877, p. 467; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 295; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 182 ; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 180. Otocompsa flaviventris (Tick.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 161 ; Oates, B. B. i, p. 199; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) v, p. 599; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 183.
Zurd-bulbul, Hind.; Pahariya kangdhara at Gorakhpur; Mancliph-hur, Lepch.
Coloration. Head, chin, and throat black; sides of neck and lower plumage yellow; upper plumage olive-yellow ; quills brown, washed with olive-yellow on the outer webs; tail brown, the feathers edged with olive-yellow on the outer webs nearly up to the tips.
Iris pale yellow; eyelids yellowish fleshy; bill dark brown ; mouth fleshy yellow ; legs brown; claws dark horn.
Length about 7.5; tail 3.5 ; wing 3.5; tarsus .65; bill from gape .75.
Distribution. The Himalayas from the Sutlej valley to Assam; the forests of the Central Provinces ; Orissa south of the Mahanadi; Kalahandi; the whole tract of country stretching from Assam to Tenasserim; Karennee. This Bulbul appears to be found up to about 4000 feet. It extends to Cochin China and the Malay peninsula.
Habits, &c. This species is found in the forests as well as on their outskirts, in secondary jungle, and cultivated places. In some places it is very abundant and entirely absent from others. The nest is a cup made of twigs and roots placed in a bush. The eggs are white, very thickly marked with pink and red. Bingham gives the measurements of one egg as .85 by .61.