409. Xanthixus flavescens

(409) Xanthixus flavescens vividus Stuart Baker.
Xanthixus flavescens vividus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 393.
This race of Yellow-winged Bulbul is found over practically the whole of Eastern and Central Burma into Tenasserim, Southern Siam and the Malay States.
Harington found this Bulbul in Bhamo “the commonest Bulbul above 4,000 feet. Breeds during May and June and seems to prefer heavier jungle than P. xanthorrhous. It builds the usual type of nest and lays two eggs ; I never found more.”
Wickham records that he “obtained this Bulbul in the Chin (?), Kachin and Shan States. I have noted that a pair on the crags of Tounggyi took only six days to build their nest and lay two eggs complete. The nest was by no means an unsubstantial one. They appeared to me to always build very low down in thick bushes or even grass. End of April for fresh eggs.”
Later, Wickham, in epistola, writes :—“ They generally lay two eggs but I have taken three. The nest is like that of Molpastes but is compact and well built and always placed very low down.” The Chin Hill birds are, of course, true flavescens.
Cook also took nests, each with two eggs, on the 27th and 29th April, the nests apparently like those described by Wickham, whilst Harington took eggs in April, May and June, and Hopwood in March, April and May. The very great majority of eggs, however, seem to be laid in late April. The above are all the notes I can find on the breeding of this bird but they suffice to show that the nidification differs but little from that of the typical race. They may be summarized as follows :—
The bird is common and breeds freely from 4,000 feet upward in the Kachin Hills, Bhamo Hills and the ranges of Karenni, building a nest similar to that of X. f. flavescens and laying two or, rarely, three eggs any time from March to June, April being the favourite month. All nests are placed very low in brambles, bushes or even grass in fairly thick forest.
The eggs, of which I have a fair series, given me by the collectors referred to above, are quite like those of the Assam bird and go through the same range of coloration from pale to dark.
Seventeen eggs average 21.7 x 16.2 mm. : maxima 24.0 x 17.0 and 23.3 x 17.3 mm. ; minima 20.4 x 16.0 and 20.9 x 15.5 mm.
* In ‘The Ibis’ for October 1930, p. 678, Sclater comments on my substitu¬tion of the name Elathea for Otocompsa, and shows that Elathea cannot be used for Otocompsa and should really be considered a nomen nudum. Though I am rather doubtful that I am wrong, it is a great pleasure to be able to accept his decision and revert to Otocompsa.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
409. Xanthixus flavescens
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Muleyit Yellow Winged Bulbul
Flavescent Bulbul
Pycnonotus flavescens
Vol. 1

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