(404) Molpastes haemorrhous intermedius.
THE PUNJAB RED-VENTED BULBUL.
Pycnonotus intermedius Jerdon, B. of L, ii, p. 95 (1867) (Murree). Molpastes intermedius. Blanf. & Oates, i, p. 272.
Vernacular names. Kola painja (Chamba).
Description. Only differs from the last race in having the black of the head not extending to the back or upper breast. The ear-coverts are chocolate-brown as in the Bengal bird but the general appearance is decidedly paler.
Measurements. Wing 92 to 105 mm. It is a decidedly smaller bird than lengalensis, very few birds having the wing as much as 100 mm.
Distribution. The lower ranges of the Himalayas from the extreme North-West to about Murree, the Simla Hills, Kashmir and the North of the Punjab. Birds from Western Oudh and West Bengal are intermediate between this and the last race.
Nidification, Similar to that of the last race but it lays three eggs more often than four and the eggs themselves do not seem to go through nearly as wide a variation. The birds breed from May to July at all heights up to about 5,000 feet or higher. Forty eggs average 22.2 x 16.3 mm.
Habits similar to those of M. h. bengalensis.