283. Molpastes intermedins.
The Punjab Red-vented Bulbul.
Pycnonotus intermedius, A. Hay, Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 95; Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 9; Beavan, Ibis, 1867, p. 441; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 130. Pycnonotus pygaeus (Hodys.), Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 39; Cock & Marsh. S. F. i, p. 355; C. H. T. Marshall, Ibis, 1884, p. 415. Molpastes intermedius (A. Hay), Oates in Hume's N. &; E. 2nd ed. i, p. 175. Kala painju, Chamba.
Coloration. Resembles M. haemorrhous. Differs in having the black of the head continued to the hind neck ; the ear-coverts chocolate-brown; the whole back brown, edged with grey; the black of the throat shading off into blackish brown on the upper breast and the sides of the neck ; and the lower breast ashy brown margined with whitish.
Length about 8 ; tail 4.3 ; wing 4.1; tarsus 1.1 ; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. The lower ranges of the Himalayas from Naini Tal and Almora to Murree; the northern portion of the Punjab, the N.W. Provinces and Oudh down to Allahabad and Chupra. In the lower part of its range this species is found together with M. bengalensis. It does not ascend the Himalayas to any great height.
Habits, &c. Breeds from May to July, and probably for some time before and after this period. The eggs, according to Theobald, measure .87 by .62.