Pycnonotus haemorrhous

Pycnonotus haemorrhous, Gmelin.

462. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 94; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 473; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 402 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 135 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 68.


Length, 8 ; expanse, 11; wing, 3.6 ; tail, 3.3; tarsus, 0.8; bill at front, 0.52.

Bill black; irides deep-brown ; legs greenish-slaty.

Head, chin, and throat, black ; nape and back smoky-brown more or less edged paler, and the pale edging often extends to the darker feathers of the hind-head and nape, giving it a speckled appearance; rump somewhat cinerascent; upper tail-coverts white; beneath, from the top of the breast, brown, edged with ash, paling posteriorly, and becoming albescent on the lower abdomen and vent; under tail-coverts crimson; wings smoky-brown ; tail brownish-black, tipped with white, except the central pair.

The Common Madras Bulbul is very abundant throughout the region, except in Upper Sind, where it is very rare ; it is a permanent resident and breeds from April to October, rearing at least two broods in the year. The nest is generally built on a low bush or fruit, tree, rarely at any great height from the ground. It is neatly but lightly made, cup-shaped, and is composed of grass stems, lined with finer grass, and occasionally with hair. The eggs, three or four in number, are rather longish ovals in shape, pinkish-white in color, speckled, blotched, streaked and clouded with red and purplish-red. They average 0.9 inches in length by 0.68 in breadth.

Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency
Barnes, Henry Edwin. Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency, 1885.
Title in Book: 
Pycnonotus haemorrhous
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Barnes, H. Edwin
Page No: 
Common name: 
Common Madras Bulbul
Pycnonotus cafer haemorrhousus
Term name: 

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