278. Molpastes haemorrhous

278. Molpastes haemorrhous.

The Madras Red-vented Bulbul.

Muscicapa haemorrhousa, Gm. S. N. i, p. 941 (1788). Haematornis pusillus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. x, p. 841 (1841). Pycnonotus haemorrhous (Gm.), Blyth, Cat. p. 209; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 240 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 94; Ball, S. F. iii, p. 292 ; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 482; Sharpe, Cat. B. M.vi, p. 124; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 188. Pycnonotus chrysorrhoides (Lafr.), Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xli, pt, ii, p. 237; Ball, S. F. ii, p. 410. Molpastes pusillus (Blyth), Hume, N. & F. p. 291; Butler, S. F. iii, p. 473. Pycnonotus pusillus (Blyth), Blanf. S. F. v, p. 246. Molpastes haemorrhous (Gm.), Hume, Cat. no. 462 ; Davidson, S. F. x, p. 386; Barnes, Journ. Bom. N. H. Soc. i, p. 48; Oates in Hume's N. & F. 2nd ed. i, p. 169.
The Common Madras Bulbul, Jerd.; Bulbul, Hind.; Tonki bulbul, Beng.; Pigli-pilta, Tel.; Konda-lati, Tam.

Coloration. The whole head, chin, and throat deep black, sharply defined at the back of the head; the whole neck, back, wing-coverts, scapulars, and breast brown, each feather margined with whitish ; rump plain brown; upper tail-coverts white; tail brown at base, darkening and becoming black towards the end, and all the feathers tipped white; wing-quills brown, narrowly margined with whitish; abdomen whitish; sides of body and flanks light brown; under tail-coverts crimson; shafts of tail-feathers whitish beneath.

Iris deep brown ; bill black ; legs and feet blackish {Butler).
Length about 8; tail 3.8; wing 3.8; tarsus .85; bill from gape .85.

Distribution. Nearly the whole of India proper, the northern limit being indicated roughly by a line drawn through the following places: Umarkot, Jodhpiir, Sambhar, Umballa; thence a line along the base of the Himalayas to Behar in the line of longitude of Asansol near Raneegunje, and through that place to Burdwan. This species also occurs in Ceylon. Although essentially a bird of the plains it is occasionally found at considerable elevations on the Nilgiris, as high up, in fact, as Ootacamund.

Habits, &c. Breeds from February to August, constructing a flimsy, but pretty nest of dry leaves and grass in bushes, creepers, or the lower branches of trees, or sometimes on the top of a stump. The eggs, usually three in number, are pale pink marked with reddish brown and purplish grey, and measure about .9 by .65.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
278. Molpastes haemorrhous
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
278
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
268
Common name: 
Madras Red Vented Bulbul
M_ID: 
21969
M_SN: 
Pycnonotus cafer haemorrhousus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
389

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