279. Molpastes burmanicus.
The Burmese Red-vented Bulbul.
Pycnonotus haemorrhous (Gm.), apud Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 135. Molpastes pygmaeus (Hodgs.), Hume, S.F. iii, p. 126; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 321. Molpastes intermedius (Hay), Hume Inglis, S. F. v, p. 35. Pycnonotus pygaeus (Hodgs.), Oates, S. F. v, p. 157. Pycnonotus intermedius (Hay), Oates, S. F. v, p. 157. Pycnonotus nigripileus (Blyth), Anderson, Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 658. Pycnonotus burmanicus, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 125 (1881); Oates, S. F. x, p. 211; id. B. B. i, p. 189: Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gm. (2) iV, p. 596. Molpastes burmanicus (Sharpe), Hume, S. F. xi, p. 183 : Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 173.
Coloration. Resembles M. haemorrhous, and has the black of the head as sharply defined posteriorly. Differs in having the ear-coverts glossy hair-brown; the black of the throat extending down to and overspreading the breast; the feathers on the lower part of the breast margined with greyish white, and the hind neck and back blackish (not brown), margined more broadly with grey (not whitish).
Bill and legs black ; iris dark brown.
Length about 8; tail 3.8; wing 3.8; tarsus .9; bill from gape .9.
Distribution. The limits of this species on the north are difficult to define owing to want of specimens. Hume found it abundant, and the only species of this class of Bulbul, in Manipur. I have examined a specimen that was procured at Kamrup in Assam and another at Shillong. Sharpe records it from Cachar, whence, however, I have not myself seen a specimen. Both Anderson and Fea procured it at Bhamo or in the immediate vicinity. Thence it appears to be spread throughout Burma down to the Gulf of Martaban on the south, and the Bay of Bengal on the west. On the east I cannot discover that it occurs beyond the Sittoung river.
Habits, &c. This species breeds from May to September throughout Pegu : its mode of nidification and the colour of its eggs do not differ in any respect from those of M. hoemorrhous.