1167. Puffinus anglorum

1167. Manx Shearwater.
Puffinus anglorum (Temm.), Man. d’Orn, ii. p. 807 (1820) ; (Hewitson), ii. p. 514, pl. cxliv. fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 443 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 84 ; Dresser, viii. p. 517, pl. 615, fig. 1 ; Salvin, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 377 ; Saunders, p. 741 ; Lilford, vi. p. 140, pl. 60 ; P. puffinus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 213 (1766) ; Ridgway, p. 60 ; P. arcticus, Faber, Prodr. Isl. Orn. p. 156 (1822) ; Naum. x. p. 618, Taf, 277.
Petrel Manks, French ; Furabuxo, Chireta, Portug. ; Animas, Diablos, Span. ; Berta-minore, Ital. ; Nordischer Tauchersturmvogel, German ; Noordsche-Pijlstormvogel, Dutch ; Skropa, Icel. ; Al¬mindelig Skraape, Dan. ; Lire, Norweg. ; Mindre Lira, Swed.
Male ad. (Orkney). Crown, sides of head, and upper parts generally black, the sides of head slightly marked with white ; the hind neck tinged with grey ; entire under parts, flanks, and under wing-coverts white ; upper mandible blackish brown ; lower mandible bluish horn ; iris dark brown ; legs bluish flesh-colour. Culmen 1.6, wing 9.3, tail 3.2, tarsus 1.9 inch.
Hab. North Atlantic Ocean ; Iceland, the Faeroes ; the British Islands ; of occasional occurrence on the coasts of Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, and Germany, more common In Western Europe, Morocco, Canaries, and Madeira ; the Atlantic coast of America, south to Brazil.
Essentially an ocean bird it only visits land during the breed¬ing season, and may be seen far out at sea gliding with a Swift¬like flight, close to the surface of the water. During the nest¬ing season it is partly crepuscular, remaining in its hole during the day, and coming out in the evening. It breeds in burrows in the soil on cliffs, placing its single egg either on the bare ground or on a scanty pad of dry herbage at the end of its hole. The eggs, which are laid in May or early in June, are white, smooth in texture, and measure about 2.37 by 1.65.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1167. Puffinus anglorum
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Manx Shearwater
Manx Shearwater
Puffinus puffinus
Vol. 2

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