810. Ptyonoprogne rupestris

810. Ptyonoprogne rupestris.

The Crag-Martin.

Hirundo rupestris, Scop. Ann. i, Hist. Nat. p. 167 (1769); Blyth, Cat. p. 198. Cotyle rupestris (Scop.), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 95; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 166; Hume Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 177; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xxxviii, pt. ii, p. 173 ; Hume, J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 116; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 83. Ptyonoprogne rupestris (Scop.), Hume, N. & E. p. 84; id. Cat. no. 91; Oates in Hume's N, E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 180. Cotile rupestris (Scop.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. x, p. 109.

The Mountain Crag Martin, Jerd.

Coloration. Upper plumage, sides of the head, wings, and tail ashy brown; a large white spot on the inner web of all the tail-feathers except the middle and outermost pair ; chin, throat, and breast white, tinged with pale rufous, the chin and upper throat spotted with brown; abdomen and sides of the body rufous ashy; under tail-coverts dark ashy brown.

The young has the whole upper plumage, wings, and under tail-coverts margined with rufous, and the lower plumage uniform pale rufous.

Bill black ; legs and feet fleshy ; claws dusky; iris dark brown (Scully).

Length about 6 ; tail 2.4 ; wing up to 5.4; tarsus .45 ; bill from gape .55.

Distribution. The whole Himalayas as far east as Bhutan and the plains as far south as the Nilgiri hills. The range of this Martin is probably much greater than above indicated, for Davison observed a Ptyonoprogne in Tenasserim, which was probably of this species. The Crag-Martin has an immense range out of India, being found in Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and a great portion of Asia.

Habits, &c. Breeds amongst precipitous rocks high up in the Himalayas in April, constructing a saucer-shaped nest of mud, attached to the rock. The eggs are described as being white, speckled with red and purple.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
810. Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
810
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
282
Common name: 
Crag Martin
M_ID: 
22541
M_CN: 
Eurasian Crag Martin
M_SN: 
Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
1115

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith