358. Pteruthius xanthochloris xanthochloris

(358) Pteruthius xanthochloris xanthochloris Hodgs.
Pteruthius xanthochloris xanthochloris, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nded. vol. i, p. 335.
This race of Green Shrike-Babbler is resident and breeds in Nepal, Sikkim and the Himalayas as far East as Eastern Assam between 7,000 and about 10,000 feet. Stevens obtained it in Winter at 9,500 and 9,600 feet, keeping to high evergreen forest, preferably to such as had ample undergrowth.
There is nothing on record as to the nidification of this bird, but Messrs. J. C. Macdonald and W. P. Masson have sent me four nests with four of the parent birds containing 3, 3, 4 and 3 eggs respectively. The nests were said to have been all taken in very wet tree-forest on the Singile La Ridge above Darjiling, at elevations between 8,000 and 9,000 feet. The two nests taken by Macdonald were pendent from branches of “Pine-trees,” one 12 feet from the ground and one about 25 feet. Masson’s nests were “built under small branches in the upper part of fir-trees.”
The nests sent were cradles or cups, in two cases made of fine roots and tiny twigs, very strongly interlaced, with a few scraps of moss and lichen and lined sparingly with very fine bents. These two nests measured about 3.1/4 inches across by about 2 inches deep outwardly and inwardly about 2.1/2 inches by 1 inch.
Masson’s two nests were similar in size and shape but were made almost entirely of very fine black fibrous material which looks like black shreds torn from the trunks of palm-ferns ; the scanty lining was of these and a few fine roots.
The nests were all four taken between the 4th and 18th June but, in a letter accompanying the first of Masson’s nests, he said he had found a nest with young on the 28th May by seeing the parents going to the nest with food. This put him on to finding the two nests he obtained with eggs.
The eggs are typical Pteruthius eggs in character, shape and texture. One clutch has the ground a pale pink with numerous small reddish-brown blotches, the eggs of this clutch being very like those of P. erythropterus in all but size. A second clutch might be taken for the eggs of the Indian Pipit ; the ground is greyish- white, well covered all over with grey-brown freckles ; the third clutch is similar but has dark blackish-brown markings ; whilst the fourth has a very pale clay-brown ground and the same mul¬titude of little blotches of darker clay-brown.
Two other eggs sent me without nests or data are like the first red type.
Fifteen eggs average 18.8 x 14.7 mm. : maxima 19.7 x 14.4 and 19.0 x 15.2 mm. ; minima 18.1 x 14.0 and 18.6 x 14.2 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
358. Pteruthius xanthochloris xanthochloris
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Green Shrike Babbler
Pteruthius xanthochlorus xanthochlorus
Vol. 1

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