Family PTEROCLIDAE

Tarsus short and feathered. Wings long and pointed. The family is found throughout Africa and in Western and Central Asia, some forms migrating to parts of Southern Europe. Several species occur in India, but none extend to the east of the Bay of Bengal.

Three genera are recognized, all occurring within the area to which the present work is restricted.

Key to the Genera.

a. A hallux present; tarsi feathered in front only; toes naked.
a1. Middle tail-feathers not produced………………………PTEROCLES, p. 54.
b1. Middle tail-feathers elongate and pointed………………………PTEROCLURUS, p. 58.
b. No hallux; tarsi feathered throughout, toes feathered; middle tail-feathers elongate………………………SYRRHAPTES, p. 62.

Many Sand-Grouse, especially the migratory forms, collect in large flocks. All drink twice a day, morning and evening, at a regular time, and all have peculiar clucking notes, dissyllabic or trisyllabic, uttered especially during flight. The note of course varies in the different species. The sexes differ throughout the family.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
Family PTEROCLIDAE
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1898
Page No: 
53
M_ID: 
4765
M_SN: 
Pteroclidae
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
1862

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