907. Pterocles senegallus

907. Senegal Sand-Grouse.
Pterocles senegallus (Linn.), Mantissa, p. 526 (1771) ; Gould, B. of A. pl. 62 ; (Ogilvie Grant), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 14 ; Dresser, ix. p. 309, pl. 699 ; (Blanf.), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 61 ; P. guttatus (Licht.), Verz. Doubl, p. 64 (1823).
Fuku, Somdi. ; Kittaviah, Berber. ; Quata, Arab. ; Nandu-Katingo, Gutu, Sind.
Male ad. (Sind). Crown, back, rump, lesser wing-coverts and upper tail- coverts dark isabelline, the last tinged with yellow ; sides of crown to below the eye, nape, and hind neck blue-grey ; primaries greyish or brownish isabelline ; secondaries brown margined with isabelline ; larger coverts greyish at base, then warm brown tipped with isabelline ; elongated middle tail-feathers yellowish isabelline on basal, dark brown on terminal half, the rest brown at base, then blackish tipped with white sides of head and throat ochreous, the lower throat bluish grey ; rest of under parts isabelline, the middle of the abdomen black ; under tail-coverts creamy white, but black at the base ; bill bluish grey ; feet bluish white ; iris brown, orbits yellowish. Culmen 0.65, wing 8.0, tail 5.75, tarsus 1.1 inch. The female has the crown, nape, and upper parts, lower throat, and breast isabelline spotted with black, the sides of the head below the eye, chin and upper throat ochreous.
Hab. Algeria, Tunis, Egypt ; Arabia, Palestine, east to Persia and Afghanistan ; India W. of 73° E. long, and north as far as 33° N. lat. Frequents sandy, dry localities, and except during the breed¬ing season keeps together in Hocks of from 5 to 50, running about picking up seeds and insects on the dry soil. In the early morning and evening these fly to the drinking places often far distant, and like their congeners are very shy and wary. Their call-note is a peculiar gurgling sound like Quiddle, quiddle, quiddle. They nest on the ground in March or April, the 2 to 3 eggs being in ground-colour similar to those of P. alchata but much smaller, and the brown surface spots are very faint.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
907. Pterocles senegallus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Senegal Sand Grouse
Spotted Sandgrouse
Pterocles senegallus
Vol. 2

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