1318. Pterocles lichtensteini.
The Close-barred Sand-Grouse.
Pterocles lichtensteini, Temm. Pl. Col. pis. 355, 361 (1825) ; Hume, S. F. i, p. 219 ; Wise, S. F. iv, p. 230; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 162; id. Cat. no. 800 his; Hume & Marsh. Game B. i, p. 65, pl.; Tufnell, S. F. ix, p. 202; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 296; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. M. xxii, p. 29.
Coloration. Male. Forehead and sinciput white, with a broad black band across them ; upper parts pale buff or whitish barred with black ; wing-coverts barred with white ; scapulars, tertiaries, median wing-coverts, and tail-feathers broadly tipped with buff; winglet and primary-coverts blackish brown; quills rather lighter brown; chin and throat buff, more or less speckled with black; breast buff, the upper part narrowly barred, the lower part with two broad black bars, the upper of which is tinged with ferruginous, the lower forms a border to the abdomen, which is barred black and whitish; tarsi pale buff, not barred; under wing-coverts pale earthy brown.
Female light buff, narrowly barred with black throughout, except on the head, which is spotted, and on the tarsi and quills, which are like those of the male.
This species resembles P. fasciatus, but both sexes are more closely and finely barred, and the upper breast of the male is unbarred in P. fasciatus but barred in the present form. The tail contains only 14 feathers in P. lichtensteini.
Bill fleshy brown; irides brown, orbital skin yellow; feet orange-yellow, claws dusky tipped yellowish (Hume).
Length about 10.5; tail 3; wing 7: tarsus 1.05 ; bill from gape .65.
Distribution. N. E. Africa, Arabia, Baluchistan, and Sind west of the Indus.
Habits, &c. Very similar to those of P. fasciatus. This Sand-Grouse is found in rocky ground and bushes, and is thoroughly crepuscular, flying to water before sunrise and after sunset. It is probably resident throughout its range, but is said to be a cold-weather visitor to Sind.