908. Pterocles exustus

908. Singed Sand-Grouse.
PTEROCLES EXUSTUS.
Pterocles exustus (Temm.), Pl. Col. Nos. 354, 360 (1825) ; Gould, B. of Asia, vi. pl. 64 ; (Ogilvie Grant), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 12 ; (Blanf.), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 60 ; P. ellioti, Bogd. Mel. Biol, xi. p. 54 (1881).
Bhat-titar Kumartit, Hindu.
Male ad. (Egypt). Head, throat, und upper parts sandy buff or isabelline, the face and neck tinged with yellow, and the back with brown ; scapulars and some of the median coverts tipped with reddish brown, some of the larger coverts with a subterminal white spot ; quills, primary coverts, and middle tail-feathers blackish brown, the rest of the tail-feathers dark brown tipped with white or buffy white ; breast warm buff crossed by a black gorget edged with buffy white ; abdomen and flanks dark brown, the middle of abdomen blackish ; tarsi, vent, and under tail-coverts pale buff ; bill and feet slaty grey ; iris dark brown ; orbital skin yellowish. Culmen 0.52, wing 7.2 tail 5.3, tarsus 0.85 inch ; middle tail-feathers about 2.0 longer than the lateral ones. The female is sandy buff mottled and barred with black on the upper parts ; sides of head, throat, and upper breast sandy buff mottled with black on the lower throat ; a narrow double black band across the breast ; abdomen barred dark brown and rufous, the middle darker.
Hab. North Africa, in the west south to Senegal, in the east to the Pagani River ; Palestine, Central Asia, and the chief part of the Peninsula of India.
Like its allies it frequents the open country, where it feeds on seeds and insects, and visits the drinking places in the morning and evening. Its call is a double clucking note, uttered when on the wing, and which may be heard at a considerable distance. It breeds in April in N. Africa, but in India at all seasons, the nest being a small depression in the sand, usually without any lining, but sometimes lined with a little dry grass ; the eggs, 3 in number, are pale buff tinged with salmon pink, with under¬lying purplish grey and overlying brown surface spots, and measure about 1.45 by 1.5.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
908. Pterocles exustus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
908
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
656
Common name: 
Singed Sand Grouse
M_ID: 
4774
M_CN: 
Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse
M_SN: 
Pterocles exustus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10814

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