1891. Pterocles coronatus atratus

(1891) Pterocles coronatus atratus Hartert.
THE PERSIAN CORONETTED SAND-GROUSE.
Pterocles coronatus atratus. Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v, p. 267.
The range of this Sand-Grouse is from Arabia, (? Palestine), through Mesopotamia, to Persia, Afghanistan, Baluchistan and North-West India.
In India it occurs all along the North-West Frontier and in Sind to the South. It does not occur East of the Indus.
Little is known of the breeding of this Sand-Gronse, but it un¬doubtedly breeds in Sind, as I have two oviduct eggs in my collection taken from birds shot, one in Kotri and the other somewhere near “Sehwan” on the Indus, The history of these two eggs is as follows. The first, which I owe to the generosity of Mr, Chas. Inglis, was given to him by Dr. McMullen, who one day (24th April, 1907) shot two female Grouse with eggs ready for expulsion ; one of these was taken from a Coronetted Sand-Grouse, the other from a Spotted Sand-Grouse. This was at Kotri. The other egg I purchased from the Bulkley collection after hie death, and beyond “21. 5.1890, Sind-Baluchistan Frontier” there were no other details with it, Harrington Bulkley once wrote and told me that he had the previous day taken an oviduct egg of this bird. This was written from Sehwan, and undoubtedly refers to this egg, but it may possibly have been shot at some distance from this place.
One egg is a pale grey very lightly blotched with brown and lavender-grey ; the other egg is a darker yellow stone-colour more profusely marked with brown and grey and with a dense ring of brown spots at one end. They are of the usual texture and grain and the two measure 40.4 x 27.6 and 39.3 x 26.2 mm.
In Quetta Williams found it breeding, and records (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soe. vol. xxxiii, p, fill, 1929):—“It breeds in May and June in the wind-swept sand dunes tracts of the above-mentioned, places (Mach and Kirtha, Saranan and Gulistan), its eggs being laid in a sheltered depression and no attempt being made to line the nest, if such it can be called.
“The eggs, three in number, are broad cylinders, rounded at the ends, of a close texture and glossy ; the ground-colour is either a pale drah or stone, marked with sienna of varying intensity and having underlying clouds of pale inky purple.
“The average of six eggs is 430.7 x 3.0 mm.”

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1891. Pterocles coronatus atratus
Spp Author: 
Hartert.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1891
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
182
Common name: 
Persian Coronatted Sand-grouse
M_ID: 
4792
M_SN: 
Pterocles coronatus atratus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
id: 
15075

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