953. Francolinus bicalcaratus

953. SENEGAL FRANCOLIN.
FRANCOLINUS BICALCARATUS.
Francolinus bicalcaratus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 277 (1766) ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 160 ; Dresser, ix. p. 325, pl. 703 ; Perdiz senegalensis, Bonn. Tabl. Encycl, and Meth. i. p. 212, pl. 93, fig. 2 (1791).
Hadjel el Sahara ; Raragh, Arab.
Male ad. (Morocco). Fore crown and a stripe on each side black ; rest of crown reddish brown ; superciliary stripe, space in front, of the eye and sides of the head white, the last striped with blackish ; hind neck and fore back varied black and rufous and margined with creamy white ; upper parts brown, vermiculated with black, the scapulars and wing-coverts with a submarginal creamy white stripe ; quills and tail dark brown, the former barred, the latter clouded and irregularly barred with warm and rufous buff ; chin and upper throat white ; breast and under parts buff, with cu drop-shaped black median spot, barred with buff, and basally bordered with chestnut, the last wanting on the lower flanks and under tail-coverts ; bill greenish at the base, otherwise yellow ; legs dull greenish yellow ; iris brown. Culmen 1.15, wing 7.3, tail 3.25, tarsus 2.6 ; the male has two pairs of spurs on the legs. Sexes otherwise alike.
Hab. West Africa from the Niger to the Mogador coast ; Casa Blanca and as far north in Morocco as Rabat.
But little is on record respecting the habits of this Francolin, which is said to frequent grass lands, and, except during the breeding season, goes in coveys of 5 to 12 individuals. I find no record of its nidification, but possess two eggs laid in an aviary, which are dull in texture, uniform creamy buff in colour, and measure 1.86 by 1.40 and 1.92 by 1.43.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
953. Francolinus bicalcaratus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
953
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
682
Common name: 
Senegal Francolin
M_ID: 
1254
M_CN: 
Double-spurred Francolin
M_SN: 
Pternistis bicalcaratus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10772

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