60. Scaeorhynchus ruficeps.
The Larger Red-headed Crow-Tit.
Paradoxornis ruficeps, Blyth, J. A. 8. B. xi, p. 177 (1842), xii, p. 947, pl. (1843) ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 377 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 5 ; Blyth, B. Burm. p. 117 ; Codw.-Aust. J. A. 8. B. xlv, pt. ii, p. 190; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 257; Hume, Cat. no. 375; Oates, B. B. i, p. 130. Heteromorpha ruficeps (Blyth), Blyth, Cat. p. 102. Suthora ruficeps (Blyth), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 491. Scaeorhynchus ruficeps (Blyth), Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed, i, p. 3.
The Red-headed Finch-Thrush, Jerd.; Chongto-phep-pho, Lepch.
Coloration. Head, nape, upper back, lores, cheeks, and ear-coverts chestnut; upper plumage, tail, and exposed parts of wings olive-brown, tinged with rufous ; the whole lower plumage white, tinged with brown on the sides of the body, vent, thighs, and under tail-coverts.
Iris reddish brown; upper mandible brown; lower mandible flesh- colour; eyelids and mouth bluish; legs plumbeous; claws horn-colour.
Length about 7.5 inches ; tail 3.5; wing 3.5; tarsus 1.15; bill from gape .6.
Specimens from Assam, Karennee, and Tenasserim have the lower plumage suffused with fulvous.
Distribution. Sikhim and Bhutan, extending through Assam to Dibrugarh. This bird has also been procured at Shillong ; on the Hemeo Peak, N. Cachar, and in Karennee at 2500 ft. Blyth received it from Arrakan. Davison met with it at Pahpoon in Tenasserim, and there is a specimen in the Hume Collection collected at Thoungyah, much further south. Jerdon states that this species occurs in Nepal, but on what authority is not known.
Habits, &c. Breeds in Sikhim in May, constructing a cup-shaped nest of grass-stalks coated externally with a few cobwebs and lined inside with strips of bamboo-stems. The eggs, three in number, are white, spotted and blotched with yellowish brown, with some purplish-grey shell-marks; size .83 by .63.
* SUTHORA BRUNNEA, Anderson, P. Z. S. 1871, p. 211, was procured by Dr. John Anderson at Momein in Chinese Territory at an elevation of 6000 feet. It will doubtless be found in the mountains of Upper Burma near Bhamo, and I append a description of the bird.
The whole head and neck all round with the breast chestnut-brown, suffused with vinaceous below ; the upper plumage, wing-coverts, tail, and exposed parts of closed wing olive-brown ; lower plumage yellowish brown. Bill in dry skin yellowish, with the culmen intense black ; legs brown.