Genus PALAEORNIS

Tail very long and graduated, the median feathers narrow, much exceeding the others in length: hill thick, deeper than long; upper mandible swollen at the sides, culmen convex, much curved; lower mandible short.

Birds of this genus are common throughout India, Ceylon, and Burma. Their prevailing colour is green, except in a few species. They are usually seen in flocks, which feed sometimes on the fruit of trees, sometimes on seeds, which they not unfrequently pick up from the ground. All have a rather swift arrowy flight, and a more or less harsh screaming note. All are favourite cage-birds. Species of Palaeornis are found throughout the Oriental region, in the Seychelles, Mauritius, and Rodriguez, and in parts of Tropical Africa.

Key to the Species*.

a. Head (except chin and mandibular stripe in males) and body green; bill deep red; a rose collar in males, wanting in females.

a1. Large red patch on wing-coverts; wing exceeding 7.5.
a2. Smaller: length 17-19.5; tarsus greenish grey……………………..P. eupatria, p. 247.
b2. Larger: length 20-22; tarsus dull orange.
a3. Nape and sides of head suffused with glaucous grey……………………..P. nepalensis, p. 248.
b3. Nape and sides of head without grey tinge. [p. 248.
a4. Bill 0.85 high at base……………………..P. indoburmanicus,
b4. Bill an inch high at base ……………………..P. magnirostris, p. 249.
b1. No red patch on wing-coverts; wing less than 7……………………..P. torquatus, p. 250.
b. Head partly or wholly not green.
c1. Head red in male, slaty in female; back green: wing about 5.5.
c2. Under wing-coverts bluish green……………………..P. cyanocephalus, p. 251.'
d2. Under wing-coverts green, not bluish……………………..P. rosa, p. 252.
d1. Head dark slaty in both sexes; back green: wing 6-6.5.
e2. Terminal portion of tail bright yellow……………………..P. schisticeps, p. 253.
f2. Terminal portion of tail dull pinkish……………………..P. finschi, p. 254.
c. Crown and upper back grey; breast green.
e1. An emerald-green collar……………………..P. calthropae, p. 256.
f1. No collar……………………..p Caniceps, p. 258.
d. Grown and upper back grey; brest grey or greyish green……………………..p columboides, p. 255.
e. Crown and nape pinkish or bluish grey; breast red……………………..P. fasciatus, p. 256.
f. Crown and nape green; sides of head including ear-coverts brick-red.
g1. Upper mandible red.
g2. Breast yellowish green……………………..P. erythrogenys A, p. 258.
g2. Breast green with a bluish tinge……………………..P. tytleri rf, p. 259.
h1. Upper mandible black.
i2. Mandibular band chiefly black……………………..P. erythrogenys,p. 258.
k2. Mandibular band dark green……………………..P. tytleri p. 259.

The young of several species, like P. torquatus, are green throughout but the bill is black or brown or pale red, not deep red. These young birds are difficult to distinguish at first, but htey soon acquire the distinctive Coloration of adults.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.3 1895.
Title in Book: 
Genus PALAEORNIS
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1895
Page No: 
246
M_ID: 
11897
M_SN: 
Psittacula
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
1591

Add new comment

CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith