1144. Palaeornis calthropae.
Palaeornis calthrapae, Layard, apud Blyth, J. A. S. B. xviii, p. 800 (1849); id. Cat. p. 340; id. Ibis, 1867, p. 294. Palaeornis calthropae, Layard, A. M. N. H. (2) xiii, p. 263 (1854); Holdsworth, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 426; Hume, Cat. no. 151 bis ; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 177, pi. vi; Layard, Ibis, 1880, p. 282; Oates in Hume's N. E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 90; Salvadori, Cat. B. M. xx, p. 401.
Coloration. Male. Forehead, lores, and area around each eye bright green ; crown, nape, and sides of head greyish blue; back and scapulars the same, but paler, sometimes with a greenish wash; a broad collar round the neck and the lower parts from the throat bright green ; vent and lower tail-coverts yellowish; chin and a band to the side of the neck, not extending to the back of the neck, black; the rump is much bluer than the back, and this colour passes gradually into the deep French-blue of the tail-feathers, which are all yellow at the tips and dusky yellow beneath ; outer tail-feathers with a narrow green exterior border; wings green outside, the smaller coverts to the secondaries paler and yellower.
Female. The green on the face duller and less extended, otherwise like the male. The young is green throughout at first, except that the tail is blue above, then the rump takes a bluish tinge.
Upper mandible in males coral-red, yellowish at tip, black in females, lower mandible dusky red; irides yellow or greenish white or white; legs and feet dusky greenish or plumbeous green or plumbeous (Legge).
Length about 12; tail 6; wing 5.5 ; tarsus .6 ; bill from cere to point .7.
Distribution. Peculiar to Southern and Central Ceylon up to 5000 or 6000 feet above the sea, keeping to the hills and to the forests adjoining them.
Habits, &c. Very similar to those of the last species, but the cry is said by Legge to be harsh. The breeding-season commences in January; the eggs do not appear to have been described.