Inocotis papillosus, Tem.
942. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 769; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 24; Butler, Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 435 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind.
THE BLACK OR WARTY-HEADED IBIS.
Length, 25 to 30; expanse, 48 ; wing, 14 to 15 ; tail, 7; tarsus, 3; bill, 6.
Bill greenish-leaden; irides - dull orange-red ; legs and feet brick-red.
Head nude, black, with a triangular patch of bright red papillae or warts on the back of the head, the point of the triangle just above the eyes; neck and body above fuscous brown, nearly black on the upper tail-coverts; wings glossy steel-blue, mixed with purple, and a large white patch on the innermost lesser coverts ; quills dusky black ; lower parts dark blackish-brown ; under tail-coverts glossed with blue.
The Black Ibis is fairly common throughout the region ; it is a permanent resident, breeding during the monsoon. The nests are more often solitary than otherwise. The eggs, three or four in number, are moderately long ovals, more or less pointed at one end, and are of a beautiful sea-green, but are somewhat coarse in texture. They are occasionally spotted.
They measure 2.43 inches in length by about 1.7 in breadth.
The nests are usually found on the tops of high trees, and are composed of twigs and fine sticks. Occasionally the deserted nest of some other species is appropriated.